The space that has to be cooled, its area and thus the volume determine the kind of cooling load that will be necessary. This is expressed in Tons and indicates the rate at which heat has to be removed from the space to achieve the desired cooling. Besides the area and volume of the space, any additional source of heat that exists in that space has also to be considered. But this is the job of a technical person and the seller of air conditioners can tell you which capacity will be right for you. There is another thing that you have to decide – which type of air conditioner you would like to install. There are three options that you can choose from depending on the area that has to be cooled.
Window air conditioner
This is the simplest and most traditional type of air conditioner that we are all familiar with. It is installed on window sills or similar wall opening hence the name. This is a compact box type unit that houses the entire system comprising of condenser, compressor, coil or expansion valve, cooling coil and evaporator. This type of air conditioner used to be most widely used till the advent of the split system that has also been discussed in this article. The air conditioner is installed in a way so that one of its broad side faces the room while the opposite side is exposed to the atmosphere. The side facing the room is the cooling side while the other side is responsible for removing hot air from the room and release it to the environment.
Split air conditioner
As the name suggests this variant of air conditioner has two units that are connected by copper tubing – the outdoor unit and the indoor unit. The condenser, compressor and expansion valve is housed in the outdoor unit while the cooling coil cooling fan and evaporator is placed inside the indoor unit. The indoor unit is generally mounted on the wall but if need be, it can also be floor mounted or ceiling mounted. Split air conditioners are now looked upon as indoor decorative items as it enhances the aesthetic value of indoors, are more compact and sleek in appearance and requires minimum space as compared to window air conditioners.
Packaged air conditioner
If you want to move away from the concept of individual cooling of rooms, then you have to look for packaged unit of air conditioning Adelaide. This is the choice for very big size of homes, offices and commercial establishments that prefer a centralised system for cooling. These units are available in two types. The compressor, condenser, evaporator and cooling coil are all assembled in a composite enclosure where the cool air is generated and then using blower the cool air is directed through ducts that lead to various parts of the home or office. The cool air is discharged from the ducts through vents or grills that are placed at the duct terminals. In another type, the cooling coil and expansion valve is located in the rooms where the cooling happens.